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Digitizing Corners Traditionally for most of us we are self taught when it comes to techniques and how to punch, there are general course available that teach us how to use the embroidery digitizing software and some specialty course but very few delve into the advanced options. This topic is one of those advance options as we will take a look at the type of corners available, embroidery software settings for cornering and how to manually adjust corners and the effects of cornering. Types of corners There are several types of corners used in the embroidery field; Auto-Turn Cornering Mitered Cornering Hand Sewn Cornering Capped Cornering Auto Turned Corners Generally in most designs you will often see the auto turned style of corner, where the corner is used at right or obtuse angles, they allow for the angle lines to be placed in a manner that they can curve in a natural fashion. Below is an auto turned corner. Mitered Style Corners Generally mitered corners are used when the corner is really acute or tight angles or when your working with small lettering. The example below is primitive , normally a mitered corner would over lap a bit so they do not pull apart or leave gaps. Hand Sewn Corners You would thing that this is not ideal but there are a lot of fonts out their that use this cornering method. Here is an exampled of the letter "V" with the hand sewn corner. Capped Corners Capped corners is a way of hiding the dividing lines when sewing a corner, and sometimes they use a high bread corner like on this font It caps the top but then mitered part of it too. Terminology There are several terms that you will need to understand when working with corners. Angle Lines Are lines with beads on either side the give the direction to how the stitches are to be sewn. Angle Line Tool The angle line tools allows you to select and manipulate or draw angle lines on the embroidery designs. Works with Beads. See the tool below. Beads The beads are line nodes or black dots on when end of the angle lines, they can me moved by clicking on them with the Angle Line Tool. Beads Tools This tool turns on the beads so that you can view them and be able to edit them. Tips for Cornering When you use angle lines to go around the corner give the stitch time to travel around the corner try not to force it into a small area as it will cause the stitches to bunch up and it will have a greater tendency to cause puckering on some fabrics. Usually you will see puckering when a corner has too many stitches and no short stitches . This is very common with digitizers that are newer and that is why a lot of design opt for using a miter corner or a capped corner or a combination of them both. If you your using a corner like a mitered make sure you over lap part of the design or gaps will appear and it will look shabby. Do not get angle line happy, some digitizer will tend to put too many angle lines and its not necessary. Typically you need one angle line near the start on the column one about 1/4 inch from a corner on either side with a slight angle to it and one near the end, on circles four or five is all that's necessary. Settings When using steil stitches you will need to watch how it tries to do a corner and there is some simple fixes that can help you. Here is a example of steil of the letter M where the circles are. You can edit the steil to correct the wrap around the corners , this is often needed on applique style fonts that have a steil border or outline fonts and other embroidery designs where steil is used. Splitting Anchors Typically what you can do this by using the vertex select tool drawing a small box around the area this will highlight the anchors, right click on the anchor you want to separate, choose separate anchor. Here is what the results will look like. Very much improved. This will help on any steil border. On satin stitches you cane either edit your angle embroidery stitches or slice it or cap it to get the same look. When doing satin stitches you want your right angle corners to auto short stitch this is seen below, this will not pucker. However if you do not take this into consideration when cornering with the satin tool you will end up with stitches like this. In this examples all the needle penetrations are very tight too many stitches in one area will cause puckering on nylon, satin and delicate fabrics. Note: For digitizers you need to master how to corner the design properly, watch how you put your angle lines down, try not to put them so close together the software will try to space the corners out, when your using a satin style stitch, as long as you do not force to many angle lines on an area. Tip .. Go to your local fabric store pick up some satin and use this to practice making corners, this is one of the fabric that will pucker if you do not do your corner, if you master it on this fabric all other fabrics will sew out correctly. Author: Frank Prokator